Naein is a desert city in Isfahan Province, which neighbors Semnan Province in the north, Khorasan Province in the east, Yazd Province in the east and Ardestan and Isfahan cities in the west. The city has desert climate and extremely hot summers and relatively cold winters. The history of the city dates back to the Achaemenid (550-330 BC) and Parthian (247 BC–224 CE) eras when Naein served as an administrative center for Yazd. After the advent of Islam, the city became a rest stop for Caravans crossing the desert. The name of the city is said to come from the Persian word ‘Ney’ meaning reed and it was named Naein as there were numerous reed beds in the area.
Naein is the producer of one of the finest and most sought-after Persian carpets. The Naein is made of high quality wool or silk and has a Shah Abbasi design. A Shah Abbasi design consists of elegant arabesque, palmette and lotus motifs and requires a high knot density. The Naein rug often has blue highlighting on cream or ivory backgrounds. Unique to Naein are some of the most outstanding monuments in all of Iran: the Jame Mosque, one of the first four mosques built in Iran after the Arab invasion; the Pre-Islamic Narej Fortress; a Pirnia traditional house; the Old Bazaar; Rigareh, a Qanat-based watermill; and a Zurkhaneh (a place for traditional sport).
The Pirnia traditional house which is a perfect example of this region’s desert houses in terms of architecture and art was constructed in the Safavid Period… Read more