Shiraz is the sixth most populous city in Iran and the capital of Fars Province which is more than 4000 years old. At the 2011 census, the population of the city was 1,460,665. Shiraz is located in the south of Iran and the northwest of Fars Province. It is built in a green plain at the foot of the Zagros Mountains 1,500 meters (4,900 feet) above sea level. Shiraz is in 919 km. south of Tehran.
Shiraz is known as the city of poets, literature, wine and flowers. It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens, due to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be seen in the city. Shiraz’s economic base is in its provincial products, which include grapes, citrus fruits, cotton and rice. Shiraz also has a major oil refinery and is also a major center for Iran’s electronic industries.